OOTB Creatives

Top 10 Movies for Teaching Media Literacy

Movies can be a particularly useful tool for developing critical media literacy in educational settings. They can help students analyze how underlying meanings about race, gender, class, and religion, among others, are portrayed in a film. For starters, we list ten must-watch movies set in the Philippines or made by Filipino filmmakers that teach a thing or two about media production, the media industry, and other media literacy concepts. 


In this resource, we explain three frames used by the mainstream media to report about the Philippine urban poor sector. We will deconstruct these media frames and see how the mainstream media portrays this sector in light of the recent #Occupy housing movements. 


Here are five things we need to be on the lookout for when watching, reading, listening, and using the media.

The Winner Formula

Adopting Ester Thorson’s original media literacy resource “Ad-Watcher’s Toolkit”, we deconstructed the 8 Essential Features of Filipino Political Ads in this special infographic set. 

What is it with politicians trying to portray themselves as either poor or a hero, or both? What images and concepts do they associate themselves with? Do they have anything to say to their opponents? What’s lacking in these ads?

Now Showing

We listed down the 10 highest-grossing Philippine films as of 2014 alongside 10 of the country’s greatest films of all time according to the blog Pinoy Rebyu in its 2013 poll of 81 filmmakers, film critics and scholars. Full view here: http://visual.ly/now-showing.

Pinoy Media Moguls

Media ownership in the Philippines thrives in a very monopolistic corporate environment. ABS-CBN, the country’s biggest media conglomeration, is only a part of the Lopez’s wide range of business interests from power generation and distribution to manufacturing, real estate, and infrastructure. 

We trace the present Philippine media landscape in this infographics – company profiles, key business connections, backgrounds, trivia, and analyses.

Quirino Grandstand Coverage

In Aug. 23, 2010, a tragic hostage-taking incident happened in Quirino Grandstand in Manila. Retired police officer Rolando Mendoza took captive 25 Hong Kong tourists in a bus for 11 long hours. 

Considered as one of the freest, most mature, and professional press in the world, Philippine media was put to test in the coverage of the incident. But they failed miserably. 

MediaX Memes

We explored the currency of Political Memes and how these creative and funny rendition of cultural images have affected and in fact, been used to propel social and political issues.

MediaX is a video resource material co-produced with UP Broadcasters’ Guild. It features critical analysis of prominent media topics and phenomena.

Other Videos

MediaX Indigenous Peoples

We explained the concept of “Othering” and how it is used to represent Indigenous Peoples (IPs) in Philippine media. We invite media literacy advocates to find alternative means to represent our IPs.

MediaX is a video resource material co-produced with UP Broadcasters’ Guild. It features critical analysis of prominent media topics and phenomena.

MediaX Women

We evaluated and analyzed how media represent women and the reasons behind it. We laid down various representations or images as seen primarily on television shows and films, and asked feminist advocates to deconstruct such images.

MediaX is a video resource material co-produced with UP Broadcasters’ Guild. It features critical analysis of prominent media topics and phenomena.

Spoof Advertisements

Click to view all the winning entries from our Spoof Ads Competition. Teachers may use these ads as examples when discussing the nature of advertisements and how to deconstruct these in classes.

2018 Winners

2017 Winners

2016 Winners

2015 Winners

Ang Pag-uwi

After a day’s work in school, a boy comes home. In his apartment, he checks on his pet cockroaches while watching Duterte-related clips on his laptop. He then notices cockroaches escaping their aquarium. He swats them with his slippers and finds new meaning in this.

School: Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation
Team: Carl Umali, Zenda Dimaandal, Mak Lat
Awards: Best Film, Best Director (Carl Umali), Best Cinematographer (Zenda Dimaandal)

Other Short Films


For the past 4 years, 15-year old tricycle driver Oscar was forced to take up the role as provider for their family ever since his father Crisostomo died. However, beyond the everyday struggle of having to provide for his family, Oscar has been fighting his own mental battle ever since the day of that event. Bakas tells the story of how Oscar finally realized how much was actually taken away from him when his father’s right to life was violated.

School: St. Scholastica’s College – Manila
Team: Jillianne Go-Soco, Shanlene Hollero, Christine Libiran
Award: Best Story


After his father was imprisoned for allegedly selling drugs, 9-year-old Balong and his mother Belen had to do things together. Belen as a labandera, cannot provide enough for Balong, so they had to find other ways to have food in their stomachs. The answer to their problem is something most of us tend to ignore. But how Balong handles this unfortunate situation is something that’ll surprise everyone. 

School: Francisco E. Barzaga Integrated High School
Team: Anjelo Ansay, Khaylyn Resurreccion, Jan Kate Delos Reyes
Award: Best Actor (Lance Nathan Baran)


​Dakip is a film about a young kid named Felipe who grew up without knowing his father. As grown-up Felipe gets tortured via Russian roulette, each misfire of the revolver triggers a memory that builds up to the climax. The memories involve how grown up Felipe was captured, how he aspired to be a soldier during his youth days, and how his mother died.

School: La Salle – Greenhills
Team: Marcelino Llorca, Adrian Prospero, Nathaniel Arojo
Award: Best Actress (Mikayla Czarina)


Mithi is a short film about Mikoy, a spirited 6-year-old boy overflowing with imagination and childlike optimism. When his teacher gives out an assignment to draw which gift they want to receive the most from Santa Claus, Mikoy walks his way home filled with creativity and takes inspiration for his wish from his surroundings.

School: St. Scholastica’s College – Manila
Team: Relaine Legaspi, Maria Isabella Lopez, Reigna Gaborno

Job Interview

A culinary graduate, Sara seeks to find a job in the metro. After countless job applications and interviews, she still doesn’t ace one. A new opportunity arrives in Sara’s life as she still hopes that this restaurant would help her in reaching her goals of becoming a great chef. With the guidance from her past and the strength of her hopes for her future, would she reach the goal she ever dreamed of?

School: San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila School
Team: Andrei Morfe, Ryan Ramos, Erica Galleto 

Virtus and the Two Parallel Worlds

Taking place in 2004, Karl Kasala, an openly gay man, is the assistant co-writer and artist for the comic book issue, Virtus and the Two Parallel Worlds. He sends out a 6 –page draft of the comic book’s 33rd issue to the head writer of the comic book, Ed Enriquez. Having read that Karl made Virtus love his male sidekick in the draft made Ed furious, and comes to confront him. 

School: La Salle – Greenhills
Team: Matthew De Jesus, John Robert Lacerna, Rafael Rivera

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